Record temperatures in Russia
Smog obscures Moscow during the heatwave in Europe
Russia is experiencing an unusually warm November, with four temperature records set in Moscow this month.
The capital reached a temperature of 12.3C on Monday, breaking the previous record of 11.7C set in 1923.
Meteorologists say temperatures have hovered around 10C above normal, due to warm air moving north from southern parts of Europe. The average temperature for this time of year is just 1.1C.
The high temperatures have caused problems for wildlife according to ecologists. Hedgehogs and badgers have been unable to go into hibernation, while some species of red squirrel have not changed into their white winter coats.
A record breaking heatwave affected the Russian capital in August, causing dense smog fires and the worst drought in more than a century. Dozens died and thousands were left homeless.
Colder weather has been forecast for later this week, before mild air returns to Moscow at the weekend.